Window Focus Refetching

If a user leaves your application and returns to stale data, you may want to trigger an update in the background to update any stale queries. Thankfully, React Query does this automatically for you, but if you choose to disable it, you can use the refetchOnWindowFocus option to disable it:

const queryCache = new QueryCache({
defaultConfig: {
queries: {
refetchOnWindowFocus: false,
function App() {
return (
<ReactQueryCacheProvider queryCache={queryCache}>

Custom Window Focus Event

You may want to manage your own window focus events that trigger React Query to revalidate. To do this, React Query provides a setFocusHandler function that supplies you the callback that should be fired when the window is focused and allows you to set up your own events. When calling setFocusHandler, the previously set handler is removed (which in most cases will be the default handler) and your new handler is used instead. For example, this is the default handler:

setFocusHandler(handleFocus => {
// Listen to visibillitychange and focus
if (typeof window !== 'undefined' && window.addEventListener) {
window.addEventListener('visibilitychange', handleFocus, false)
window.addEventListener('focus', handleFocus, false)
return () => {
// Be sure to unsubscribe if a new handler is set
window.removeEventListener('visibilitychange', handleFocus)
window.removeEventListener('focus', handleFocus)

Ignoring Iframe Focus Events

A great use-case for replacing the focus handler is that of iframe events. Iframes present problems with detecting window focus by both double-firing events and also firing false-positive events when focusing or using iframes within your app. If you experience this, you should use an event handler that ignores these events as much as possible. I recommend this one! It can be set up in the following way:

import { setFocusHandler } from 'react-query'
import onWindowFocus from './onWindowFocus' // The gist above
setFocusHandler(onWindowFocus) // Boom!

Managing Focus in React Native

Implementing setFocusHandler is required in order to have window focus refetching in React Native. Instead of event listeners on window, React Native provides focus information through the AppState module. You can use the AppState "change" event to trigger an update when the app state changes to "active":

import { setFocusHandler } from 'react-query'
import { AppState } from 'react-native'
setFocusHandler(handleFocus => {
const handleAppStateChange = appState => {
if (appState === 'active') {
AppState.addEventListener('change', handleAppStateChange)
return () => AppState.removeEventListener('change', handleAppStateChange)
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